Sights › Cholula Archaeological Zone

Ancient history

Meaning
Its name derives from the pre-Hispanic Cholollan word meaning "place of flight". It has also come to be interpreted as "Falling water in place of flight", which refers to the arrival of Toltec groups in the region following their expulsion from Tula around 1000 AD. The site also was recognized as Tlachihualtepetl , ie, "handmade hill"

Importance
The pre-Hispanic city of Cholula is 7 km. to the current City of Puebla de Zaragoza in the State of the same name.
It is a city with a long cultural history that dates back at least to the Late Preclassic, but it is up to the Classic that the city becomes important to be part of the commercial network of Teotihuacan to the southeast region where it came from the thin orange pottery, commercially important at the time.

According to some authors the population then lived in Cholula and much of the territory was dominated by a Ñuiñe culture carrier, native to the southwest of Puebla and Oaxaca northeast in what is now known as Mixteca region. 

After the Teotihuacan decline is likely that Cholula it has been repopulated by people from Gulf Olmec-Xicalancas, but without having the importance as a city was during the Classic.

Subsequently the Toltecs conquered and dominated the territory, which the city experienced a revival until the arrival of the Mexica, Cholula that turned in their tax and ally against the Tlaxcaltecas.

The importance of the city of Cholula lies mainly in its strategic location as an important node in Mesoamerican trade networks and cultural pluralism that its population had throughout time.

The Great Pyramid of Cholula, dedicated to Tlaloc, is the largest area in Mesoamerica (450 meters per side), its construction took advantage of a natural elevation to go superimposing constructions in different stages over time and in which top Spanish They built a church in honor of Our Lady of Remedios. It also has a set of murals that are recognized as the most important in Mesoamerica: Los Bebedores and Los Chapulines.
Chronology: 650. C. to 1521 d. C.
Location main chronological: Classic, 200-800 d. C.

Site Description
Cholula Archaeological Zone has three areas equipped for public visits:
- first the site museum of the archaeological zone of Cholula with its three permanent exhibition rooms.
- the second inside the tunnel inside the Great Pyramid consisting of approximately 280 meters long in the same plane, artificially lit without risks that the visitor can get lost.
- and finally the so-called open area of the archaeological site Cholula ceremonial courtyards formed by the south and west of the Great Pyramid of Cholula.


Access
From Mexico City you can access the site by taking Highway No. 150 (Mexico-Veracruz), then take the road that leads south to Cholula.
Following the Ecological Peripheral is necessary to continue westward taking Quetzalcoatl Route, artery that communicates with the streets around the site.

The ticket office and access to the tunnels are located on the south bank of the Av. Morelos, while the site museum is located on 8th Street North.

To reach the site from the city of Puebla, you must take the exit leading to the straight road Cholula, westwards, same as when walking 3 km., Becomes the path Quetzalcoatl. From this road the street May 5 is taken to the south and then Av. Morelos to the west. Visitors can reach the site by public transport.

Services at the archaeological site of Cholula
In the archaeological area there are restrooms, locker, rest areas in the open area of the archaeological site, guide service accredited by the Ministry of Tourism but have a fee for their services (Spanish and English) tourists.
 
Schedule
Every day of the year from 09:00 to 18:00 hours
 
Cost of access
General admission: 65 pesos / 3.50 US$
 
Contact: Cholula Archaeological Zone +52 01 (222) 2 47 90 81




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